Essential Steps to recover from Ransomware Attack

Ransomware attacks can cause serious damage to both personal and professional systems, making essential data inaccessible. Dealing with the aftermath of such an attack can be difficult, but it is possible to recover from a ransomware attack if the proper steps are taken. It is important to understand what ransomware is, how it works, and the steps that need to be taken in order to mitigate the effects of a ransomware attack. This article will discuss the essential steps to recover from a ransomware attack.

What is Ransomware Attack?

A ransomware attack is a malicious cyber attack that encrypts or locks data on a computer until the user pays a ransom to regain access. To recover from this type of attack, it’s essential for companies to have up-to-date backups and anti-virus software installed on all computers. It’s also important to educate employees about spotting suspicious emails and avoiding clicking links or downloading attachments from unknown sources.

Organizations should have plans in place for responding to an attack quickly and efficiently. This includes taking steps such as disconnecting affected systems from the network, notifying IT personnel to begin their investigation, and determining if any other machines need to be taken offline while they investigate the incident further. Lastly, companies should contact cybersecurity professionals with experience investigating ransomware attacks so that they can help minimize disruption and maximize recovery efforts.

Step 1: Back Up Data Regularly

Backing up data regularly can help protect against ransomware attacks and make the recovery process much easier. To start, create a backup plan that outlines what data is important to back up, how often it should be backed up, and where the backups should be stored. It is important to keep multiple copies of your backups in different locations to maximize security. A few options for storing backups include external hard drives or flash drives, cloud-based storage systems like Dropbox or Google Drive, and local network storage solutions like NAS drives.

Before performing any backup operations, make sure all new or edited files have been saved properly and that you are working with the most recent version of your data. This will ensure you have an updated copy of the data if you need to do a restore. Once that’s done, run regularly scheduled backups so any changes made since the last backup will be included in this new one as well. After each successful backup operation, verify that all files were properly copied over by comparing file sizes between source and target locations.

Step 2: Identify the Attack

Once an organization has determined they are a victim of ransomware, the next step is to identify the attack. The intention of determining the type and origin of ransomware is to inform the recovery plan and ensure that remediation activities are effective in preventing future occurrences. It is important to note that the source or type of ransomware may not be identified immediately so organizations should continue with their response and recovery efforts despite this lack of information.

Organizations should collect forensic evidence from affected systems which includes file hashes, system event logs, network traffic captures, authentication logs etc. This will help them triangulate data points such as process names, registry changes or port connections which were made by the malicious code responsible for infection.

Organizations should also inspect other connected devices such as servers or workstations on their networks for similar suspicious activity since multiple machines can be infected at once by a single attack vector. This evidence can then be used to identify specific details about the attack such as its origin (internal/external) and method (phishing email/malicious website).

Essential Steps to recover from Ransomware Attack

Step 3: Isolate the System

Once the system is isolated, it should be disconnected from any networks or other computers. In order to make sure that the ransomware has not spread to other systems and no new malicious code can be introduced into the infected system, all external connections must be disabled and internal ones should be blocked as well. This means disabling all remote access services, disconnecting peripheral devices, unplugging cables and turning off any wireless communication such as Bluetooth or Wi-Fi.

Additionally, physical access must also be restricted in order to prevent anyone from introducing new malware or attempting to steal data from the device while it is offline. An additional layer of security can also include using an air gap between the affected machine and any connected networks or machines in order to ensure that there is absolutely no way for a malicious actor to gain access via digital means.

Step 4: Notify Authorities

Once the source of the attack has been identified and addressed, the next step is to notify authorities. This is especially important if any personal or sensitive data has been compromised. Notifying the appropriate legal or law enforcement agency offers victims a chance to seek justice and may help them in mitigating further damage to their systems. It also helps those authorities track down cybercriminals, so they can be brought to justice and held accountable for their actions.

Organizations should contact their national computer emergency response team (CERT) or equivalent agency in their country. CERT teams are responsible for responding to cyber security incidents such as ransomware attacks, as well as helping companies understand how best to mitigate these threats and protect themselves from future attacks.

In addition, organizations should contact relevant local law enforcement agencies with details of the attack and what was taken from their system. Law enforcement agencies have access to resources which can help identify suspects and bring them to justice if needed.

Step 5: Strengthen Security Protocols

It is important to strengthen existing security protocols after a ransomware attack. This includes patching all operating systems, updating all software, and using anti-virus programs on any devices connected to the network. Additionally, ensure that users have unique accounts and access levels appropriate for their roles in the organization. It is also vital to create a plan for backups and recovery of data; this should be tested regularly to ensure that it works as intended in the event of an incident.

Finally, organizations should consider implementing two-factor authentication on user accounts or other methods of authentication such as biometrics. These measures will help protect against future ransomware attacks by limiting user access and providing additional layers of authentication when accessing sensitive information or systems.


In conclusion, following the steps outlined in this article is essential for recovering from a ransomware attack. Our first priority should always be to back up our data and ensure that it is safe and secure. Then, we should assess the situation, identify the ransomware type and try to decrypt the files. If we cannot do so, we can use an anti-ransomware software to protect ourselves. We should also consider reporting the incident to relevant authorities.

We are a team of security experts who want to provide insightful security information to our readers. We are on a mission to provide you with the latest information on security.